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How Medical Negligence Can Cause Birth Injuries

The birth of a child should be a joyous occasion for parents. However, when things go wrong, it can be terrifying. Unfortunately, it is common for medical negligence to lead to injuries in newborns. In some cases, birth injuries are only temporary, and the symptoms resolve within a few days or weeks, but in more extreme situations, they can lead to permanent lifelong damage.

Causes of Common Birth Injuries

During the birthing process, a baby can suffer a physical injury when they are born. This is known as a birth injury. However, when medical professionals are negligent during the delivery of a child, the cause of the birth injury is due to medical malpractice. Some of the most common birth injuries include:

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Cerebral palsy is a disorder that impairs a person’s ability to control their muscles. CP can develop before the child is born, but it may also be the result of medical negligence. This can happen if the baby was not adequately monitored, did not receive oxygen in time, or birth-assisting tools were incorrectly used during delivery.

Brachial Plexus Palsy (Erb’s Palsy)

Erb’s palsy occurs when the nerves in a baby’s upper arm are damaged. It can be caused by a doctor or nurse forcefully pulling the baby’s head away from its shoulders.

Bone Fractures and Bruises

Broken bones and bruises are common for stressful and complicated deliveries. This occurs when doctors and nurses are not careful while delivering a baby, which can end up hurting the child.


When cephalohematoma occurs, a traumatic subperiosteal hematoma develops underneath the skin in an infant’s skull bone, causing unnecessary pooling of blood in between the skull and the skin. When forceps are used during labor, the risk of cephalohematoma is heightened.

Caput Succedaneum

Caput succedaneum is swelling in a baby’s scalp right after being delivered. When vacuum extraction tools or forceps are used during labor, it is more common for it to occur, especially if too much force is used. Most cases of caput succedaneum heal on their own. However, if the baby develops other issues like jaundice, and it goes untreated, they may experience brain damage.

If you or your child was injured during labor, do not hesitate to contact The Villari Firm, PLLC. Our birth injury attorney is always prepared to fight for the rights of our clients and their children. We will recover the full compensation you need and deserve.

Call us today at (215) 372-8889 to speak with our medical malpractice attorney!